The standard for weight gain during pregnancy varies from woman to woman. On average, women put on between 10 and 13.5 kilograms during pregnancy. Depending on whether it is the first child or the first pregnancy, how pronounced the pregnancy sickness and/or loss of appetite is in the first trimester, how closely she pays attention to nutrition, the range can also be between 10 and 20 kg. The Nutrition Society gives the following guidelines and recommendations for action on the weight of pregnant women:
- For women of normal weight, the appropriate weight gain during pregnancy is approximately between 10 and 16 kg.
- If you are overweight or obese, less weight gain is recommended during pregnancy.
- Underweight women should ensure that they gain sufficient weight during pregnancy.
- The desire to have children should be accompanied by the best possible approximation of body weight to normal weight even before pregnancy.
Weight Gain During Pregnancy
Weight history in pregnant women
Every pregnancy is very individual. Even several pregnancies by a single woman can vary greatly in their course, weight gain, development of the abdominal girth or pregnancy symptoms, and in other respects. Factors such as the sex of the unborn child, the stature and health of the pregnant woman, or the question of whether it is the first pregnancy all play a role here. That said, although the weight gain is not constant, there are average orientation values for the weekly or monthly development of weight in the pregnancy week (SSW):
- 1st trimester (gain: 1.5 to 2 kg)
In the first 12 weeks, the pregnant woman hardly gains any weight or no weight at all. When the weight increases are also very different from woman to woman, pregnant women usually start to gain weight from the 5th week of pregnancy. Overall, most pregnant women gain a maximum of 1.5 to 2 kg in the first trimester. Some women even lose weight due to nausea and vomiting (vomiting gravidarum). With only about 13 to 50 grams in the 13th week of pregnancy, the embryo still accounts for the smallest proportion of the weight gain.
- 2nd trimester (increase: 4 to 6 kg)
In the second phase, which most pregnant women find the most beautiful and pleasant, the belly grows significantly and the pregnancy becomes visible. The breasts continue to grow and produce their first milk. The weight increases on average by 400 to 500 grams per week. At the end of the second trimester (27 weeks of pregnancy) the baby is about the size of an eggplant and weighs around 500 to 1000 grams.
- 3rd trimester (increase: 4 to 6 kg)
The third trimester introduces a somewhat more arduous period. Pregnant women put on an average of 2 kilos per month. On the final stage of pregnancy, water retention increases to about two extra liters of water blood amount increase to about 1.5 liters. At 40 weeks of pregnancy, the baby is roughly the size of a melon and weighs between 3,000 and 4,000 grams.
- Weight of expectant mothers with twins and multiples
The question of the expected and healthy weight gain is of particular interest to expectant mothers of twins or multiples. For example, women pregnant with twins and multiple births can assume that they will put on more weight than is the case with a single pregnancy.
Keep an eye on the weight
Every four weeks the doctor checks the weight of the pregnant woman, enters it in the maternity record and talks about the weight development. Despite weight control by the gynecologist, pregnant women should develop their own feeling for their weight and weight gain, as the increased feelings of hunger can quickly lead to excessive weight gain. Weekly weighing (ideally under the same conditions, e.g. on a fixed weekday before breakfast) helps to develop awareness. The BMI calculator also provides a good way of checking weight.
This is how weight loss occurs after pregnancy
Similar to gaining weight, weight loss is different for each woman. While other women take fat burners like LeanBean (Read Leanbean reviews at LAweekly.com), others would like weight loss to occur as naturally as possible.
Here, too, the process depends on, among other things, the weight ratios before the pregnancy, whether the mother was pregnant with the first child and whether she is breastfeeding the baby. Many women lose most or all of the weight they have gained immediately after giving birth, while for others it takes up to six months or more. At birth, in addition to the baby’s weight at birth, the mother also loses the weight of the placenta and amniotic fluid. As a rule, the blood volume is also reduced to the normal level and the water retention is flushed out. In addition, breastfeeding has helped a number of mothers shed pounds. During the breastfeeding period, the body of a breastfeeding mother burns around 400 to 600 calories more than usual through the formation of breast milk.
Be aware that being pregnant means growing new life. That takes additional space and weight. In order to make the growth process as optimal as possible, weight gain should also be as natural as possible.