The man’s sterility can be to blame for the unfulfilled desire to have children – just as often as the woman’s sterility is the cause. If male sterility is mentioned, the man is incapable of childbearing. Usually, the testicles are then at the center of research into the cause. Visit -for supplements that can help men boost their fertility levels by improving blood circulation.
Causes of Male Infertility
An unhealthy lifestyle ( obesity, nicotine, drugs, alcohol, stress) and harmful environmental influences (pollutants, pesticides) damage the fertility of men and women equally. However, there are gender-specific differences in the physical causes.
An infertile man usually does not produce enough healthy, motile sperm. This is revealed by a sperm examination, during which a spermiogram is created:
Normally, every milliliter of sperm fluid (ejaculate) contains at least 15 million sperm – one of the prerequisites for a child’s father to work. But the amount alone does not make it: at least 58 percent of the sperm must be alive (vital), at least 32 percent well mobile and at least 4 percent normal. Here you can find out what else belongs to “normal” semen analysis.
If there is enough good quality sperm, it ultimately needs a free transport route – from the testicles to the epididymis and then via the spermatic duct to the outside, made possible by an ejaculation.
Male infertility due to poor sperm quality
If a man is unable to reproduce, it is often due to the poor quality of his sperm. Sometimes there are too few sperm in the ejaculate (oligozoospermia) – either because the production or the transport of the sperm cells is not functioning optimally. It may also be that too few sperm are mobile (asthenozoospermia) or too many sperm are malformed (teratozoospermia). Some infertile men have all three problems at the same time. Then doctors speak of the OAT syndrome (oligo-astheno-teratozoospermia).
But even if there is enough sperm and they appear fit and fast at first glance, men can still be sterile – namely when a modified gene prevents the sperm from making it through the uterine mucus.
There are many factors that affect infertility among men. Incidentally, as with women, age also plays a role in male fertility: the older you are, the fewer and slower your sperm cells become.
Signs of infertility in men
Except in the case of functional sexual or erectile dysfunction, the inability to conceive in men is usually not physically noticeable. However, the first signs that male infertility is developing may include weight gain or loss and swelling of the testicles. A discharge from the penis or pain while urinating or in the testicles indicates an infection that can affect fertility.
Male infertility: therapy
If conception does not work right away, you should check your lifestyle habits: a healthy diet , diet, exercise, abstinence from nicotine and alcohol as well as reducing stress can improve a poor semen analysis .
Getting the right amount of sex is also important: intercourse every three days seems advisable if you are having problems conceiving. Daily sex, on the other hand, does not increase the chances of success, but rather reduces the number of sperm in the ejaculate.
If a physical cause is found, treatment is based on it. It should be done after detailed consultation of the patient by an experienced urologist/andrologist or at a specialized fertility center. There are the following options:
- psychotherapeutic treatment
- Surgery for varicose veins on the testicles or sticky vas deferens
- Antibiotic treatment for bacterial infections such as chlamydia (also for the partner)
- drug treatment for hormone deficiency or erectile dysfunction
- Vacuum pump
- penis implant
If these measures do not help, doctors support the sperm on their way to the egg cell